## The Importance of Mathematics

Mathematics equips pupils with a uniquely powerful set of tools to understand and change the world. These tools include logical reasoning, problem-solving skills, and the ability to think in abstract ways. Mathematics is important in everyday life, many forms of employment, science and technology, medicine, the economy, the environment and development, and in public decision-making.

Different cultures have contributed to the development and application of mathematics. Today, the subject transcends cultural boundaries and its importance is universally recognised. Mathematics is a creative discipline. It can stimulate moments of pleasure and wonder when a pupil solves a problem for the first time, discovers a more elegant solution to that problem, or suddenly sees hidden connections.

## Supporting Your Child at Home

Here are some ways in which you can support your child with Maths:

- It is important that you talk and listen to your child about their work in maths
- It will help your child if they have to explain it to you
- Share a maths activity with your child and discuss it with them
- Be positive about maths, even if you don't feel confident about it yourself!
- If your child cannot do their homework let the teacher know
- A lot of maths can be done using everyday situations and will not need pencil and paper methods
- Play games and be fun with maths!!

There are a number of documents which you can download here which can help your child with maths.

- Subtraction 4 in a row [pdf 32KB]
- Blank Number Square [pdf 30KB]
- CWPS Numberline 1-10 [pdf 30KB]
- CWPS Numberline 1-1000 [pdf 30KB]
- Ideas for using the '100 square' [pdf 54KB]
- Multiplication Chart [pdf 34KB]
- 100 Square [pdf 33KB]
- 200 Square [pdf 36KB]
- Numbercards [pdf 37KB]
- Blank Multiplication Chart [pdf 32KB]
- Blank Numberline [pdf 30KB]
- CWPS Numberline 1-20 [pdf 30KB]
- CWPS Numberline 10-100 [pdf 30KB]
- Make a Clock [pdf 31KB]

## Maths in Year 3

In Year 3, the children will be learning to:

- Read and write numbers up to 1000 and put them in order
- Know what each digit is worth in numbers up to 1000
- Count on or back in tens or hundreds from any number under 1000 e.g., '462, 472, 482...'
- Know by heart addition and subtraction facts up to 20 e.g., 4 + 16 = 20, 12 - 8 = 4
- Work calculations out in their head such as 56 + 29 and 97 - 51
- Know by heart the 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10 times tables
- Do simple divisions with remainders
- Find simple fractions of shapes and numbers
- Tell the time to the nearest 5 minutes
- Use £ and p e.g., know the £2.04 is £2 and 4p
- Solve simple number problems and explain how to work them out
- Recognise right angles and lines of symmetry in simple shapes
- Explain a simple graph

## Maths in Year 4

In Year 4, the chldren will be learning to:

- Know all times tables by heart
- Round 3 digit numbers such as 372 to the nearest 10 or 100
- Work out that a simple fraction such as two sixths is equivalent to one third
- Work out calculations by writing them in columns using pencil and paper such as 234 - 479 and 791 - 223
- Multiply numbers such as 38 by 10 or 100 and divide numbers such as 4200 by 10 or 100
- Multiply and divide numbers up to 100 by 2, 3, 4 or 5 and find remainders
- Change pounds to pence and metres to centimetres, and vice versa
- Tell the time to the nearest minute and use a simple timetable
- Pick out shapes with similar features e.g., shapes with sides the same length, or with right angles, or symmetrical shapes
- Use all 4 number operations (add, subtract, multiply and divide) to solve problems and decide wheather it is best to calculate in their head or using pencil and paper

## Maths in Year 5

In Year 5, the children will be learning to:

- Multiply and divide any whole number up to 10,000 by 10 or 100
- Know what the digits in a decimal number stand for e.g., the 6 in 2.63 stands for 6 tenths and the 3 for 3 hundredths
- Round numbers with one decimal place to the nearest whole number e.g., 9.7 rounds up to 10, 147.2 rounds down to 147
- Use division to find a fraction of a number e.g., one fifth by dividing by 5
- Work out in their head the difference between two numbers such as 3994 and 9007
- Use pencil and paper to add and subtract big numbers such as 5792 + 8437, 13912 - 5829
- Know by heart all multiplication tables up to 10 x 10
- Double numbers up to 100 in their head
- Use pencil and paper for multiplication and division calculations
- Draw and measure lines to the nearest millimetre
- Work out the perimeter and area of a rectangle such as a book cover measuring 25cm by 25cm
- Solve word problems and explain their method

## Maths in Year 6

In Year 6, the children will be learning to:

- Know by heart all times tables facts to 10 x 10, especially for division and work out remainders
- Multiply and divide decimals by 10 or 100 in their head e.g., 2.65 x 10
- Put numbers, including decimals, in order of size e.g., 0.099, 0.25, 1.06, 1.67
- Add or subtract decimals, suing pencil and paper e.g., 3.91 + 8.04 + 24.56, or 13.5 - 1.28
- Multiply and divide using pencil and paper e.g., 387 x 42, 21.8 x 7
- Cancel fractions 4/20 to 1/5
- Work out which of two fractions is bigger e.g., 7/12 or 2/3
- Work out simple percentages of whole numbers e.g., 25% or £90 is £22.50
- Estimate angles and use a protractor to measure them
- Work out the perimeter and area of simple shapes that can be split into rectangles
- Solve word problems and explain their method
- Use co-ordinates to plot the position of points
- Understand and use information in graphs, charts and table